Freeman Bibliographical Database
THIS online database is the most comprehensive bibliography of the writings of Charles Darwin ever published. At its core is a revision of R. B. Freeman's pioneering work, The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist (2d ed. 1977). Freeman's book is the acknowledged authority for all bibliographic citations of Darwin's publications. It records detailed information for every known Darwin publication, in every known language, up to 1975.1 Permission to reproduce this, together with unpublished additions and corrections by Freeman, was kindly facilitated by The Charles Darwin Trust. Freeman's entries were individually standardized, entered in a database, and known errors and omissions corrected. A set of concise references for all entries was created. The new catalogue retains all of Freeman's original numbers for Darwin publications (e.g. 'F123'). New entries are assigned numbers consecutively from F1806. The database is periodically updated and corrected. Additional or supplementary texts included on this site, such as reviews of Darwin's books, are also recorded in the database and are given an 'A' number. To see a list of all additional items click here.
To submit a suggestion for inclusion or to report an error in the bibliography please email Dr John van Wyhe. We welcome scans or photographs of title pages or other pages of works not otherwise included on this site. (These extracts are not listed on the table of contents page, but can be found on their respective entry pages.)
For a bibliography including works read and cited by Darwin, see the Correspondence of Charles Darwin extended bibliography. See also the Bibliography of works cited [in Darwin Online], i.e. in the editorial notes and introductions, which includes the first complete bibliography of works cited in Darwin's shorter publications. For Darwin's reading notebooks, click here.
The database is searchable under the following fields:
All Fields: searches all the textual (i.e. non tick box) fields in the database.
Identifier: (e.g. Freeman's 'F' number or additional item, 'A' number)
Name(s): author, editor, translator or other contributor(s).
After date: entering a date here restricts the set of returned results to those which are dated after the supplied date. The supplied date may be incomplete, in that it consists only of a year, or a year with month only, or a precise date in the form YYYY-MM-DD
Title: the "assigned title", where the assigned title is derived by searching database fields in order of priority. Where the entry has an "exact title", this value is chosen in preference, otherwise it will be taken from the attributed title, description, or finally the "name" field if no other choice is available. (If an exact title is present then the assigned title field is not searched.)
Place: place of publication e.g. London.
Publisher: e.g. John Murray.
Periodical: e.g. Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette.
Language(s): e.g. German.
Document type: book, pamphlet, book contribution, periodical contribution, offprint, review.
Storage types: 'Available full text' AND/OR 'Available digital images'. Ticking one or both of these will limit a search to those items whose text, image or both are on Darwin Online.
After selecting browse or conducting a search of the database individual records can be viewed. An example is below. (Click the record below, or here, to bring up the actual database record web page.) The URL in the web browser when viewing a particular record is a permanent stable URL, e.g.:
It is possible to jump quickly to another record by altering the identifier in the browser address window (given here in bold for clarity) to another number, e.g.:
After changing the number in the URL hit Enter to bring up the new record for F672.
If the electronic text or image of a particular item in the database is available on Darwin Online, then links are automatically provided on the bibliographical record page as text links, e.g.: Text Images Text & Images
The concise reference
These listings are based on the style used by The Correspondence of Charles Darwin.
Author. Date. Title. [language if not English and exact title not seen] [Translator] Number of volumes. Edition. Issue. Place: Publisher.
Articles and contributions to books:
Author. Date. Title. [Editor or author of main work] Periodical or book title. Number. Volume. (Date): Pages.
The concise reference is used as the record on text documents and search results pages. These are often shortened on the tables of contents pages to save space.
This is usually the verbatim text from Freeman (unless updated or corrected) which normally includes binding, variants, page numbers and paper size information etc. Freeman's privately printed additions from 1986 have been added under his original entry. (For archival purposes the full original text of Freeman's 2d edition is provided in both text and facsimile image forms.) Additional corrections or additions contributed by others are also entered here, with attribution.
Despite is comprehensiveness and importance, Freeman's work was not straightforward to transfer to a database. He usually gave the title only for the first edition of a work and, to save space and avoid errors, omitted it from all subsequent entries and translations. Many of these titles varied from the original. Rather than leaving the title field blank or inserting that of the first edition, Freeman's heading title has been copied into an 'Attributed title' field in all entries for a particular work. The 'Title' field contains the exact title of a work only if it has been seen by the editors of Darwin Online or was provided by Freeman.
Freeman did not give a number to every physical volume but sometimes to a series comprising multiple books. As each independent item on Darwin Online requires a unique identifier, in these cases Freeman's numbers have been subdivided with decimals as F123.1, F123.2 etc. We are unable to add all editions of Darwin that have appeared since 1977 at this time. However we include selected important publications and new discoveries, printing variants, corrected issue or printing information. To submit a suggestion for inclusion or to report an error in the bibliography please email Dr John van Wyhe.
APS: American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. (modified from 'PPAmP')
BL: British Library, Reference Division, London. (modified from 'L')
BS: British Library, Lending Division, Boston Spa, Yorkshire.
BSC: Items recorded from booksellers' catalogues, but not seen.
CLSU: University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
CtY: Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
CUL: Cambridge University Library. (modified from 'C')
Darwin Library CUL: Darwin Collection, University Library, Cambridge. (modified from 'CD').
DLC: Library of Congress, Washington, District of Columbia.
Down House: Down House, Downe, Kent (modified from 'D').
ENL: National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh.
ICF: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois.
LB: Royal National Institute for the Blind, London.
LIC: Imperial College Library of Science and Technology.
LLS: Linnean Society of London.
LNH: British Museum (Natural History), London.
LU: Senate House, University of London.
LUC: University College London.
LUI: Imperial College of Science and Technology, London.
LZ: Zoological Society of London.
PBN: Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.
UT: University of Toronto, Ontario. (modified from 'T').
ViU: University of Virginia, Charlottesville.
nd No date.
(Some of the above abbreviations used in the Freeman bibliographical database have been modified from the original abbreviations used by Freeman. This has been done to make the abbreviations in the database more consistent with others used on Darwin Online and elsewhere in the scholarly literature on Darwin and to make their meanings more informative to a wider variety of readers. Freeman's necessity to save space on the page is no longer necessary in an electronic database. In all cases Freeman's original abbreviation is given at the end of the lines above.)
John van Wyhe
1 The database has been supplemented by the entries from unpublished manuscript corrections by Freeman and those in:
Freeman. 1986. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. Additions and Corrections to Second Edition of 1977 to 1 January, 1986. University College London: for the author; as well as
Freeman. 1986. Darwin in Chinese. Archives of Natural History 13 (1): 19-24;
P. J. P. Whitehead. 1988. Darwin in Chinese: some additions. Archives of Natural History 15 (1): 61-62;
the bibliography of The Correspondence of Charles Darwin;
and subsequent research by John van Wyhe, Kees Rookmaaker, Angus Carroll, J. David Archibald and other contributors. See acknowledgements.
Freeman's F771a, F1101, F1711, F1650 and F1743a have been deleted as errors. F6 was incorrectly described as a translation of F1.
NOTE: The Freeman text within the Detailed reference field is reproduced with thanks to The Charles Darwin Trust and Dr Mary Whitear for use of the Bibliographical Handlist. Copyright. All rights reserved. For private academic use only. Not for republication or reproduction in whole or in part without the prior written consent of The Charles Darwin Trust, 14 Canonbury Park South London N1 2JJ.
Corrections and additions copyright The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online - National University of Singapore.